2010 Census Findings
18,462 people reported 100% native lineage = 0.3% of Indiana's total population of 6,483,802.
49,738 people, or 0.8 % of the state's population, reported native lineage alone or in combination with another race. Estimates involving up to six different races raise this total to near 56,000.
People reporting Cherokee lineage represented the largest portion of those responding. Nations with at least 500 members in Indiana claiming at least partial native heritage include Apache, Blackfeet, Chippewa, Choctaw, Iroquois, Navajo, Potawatomi and Sioux. People claiming roots with Mexican-American tribes and South American tribes also were counted. More than 40 tribal nations were represented in the 2010 census.
The 2009 American Community Survey offers some more in-depth demographic information on Indiana's Native American community.
In Indiana, the 2009 inflation-adjusted, per capita annual income for the state's Native American population was $17,326.
About 25 % of those responding to the ACS survey were uninsured.
Of about 12,000 people over 15 years old surveyed, an estimated 5,011 were married and about 2,300 were divorced or separated.
5,676 Native American males over 25 in Indiana, an estimated 1,100 had some college experience, 500 had an associate's degree, 300 had a bachelor's degree and 96 had a graduate degree.
4,230 Native American females over 25 in Indiana, an estimated 1,550 had some college experience, 258 had an associate's degree, 370 had a bachelor's degree and 213 had a graduate degree.
Of 13,575 Native American or Native Alaskan households in the state, about 11,000 had been in the same house for over a year. About 250 had moved into the state during the past year.
Of an estimated 976 bachelor's degrees awarded, science and engineering were the most popular fields of study.
According to the American Medical Association:
One in five Indian girls and one in eight boys attempt suicide. Put another way, the teen suicide rate is 150 percent higher than the national average.
The death rate from alcoholism is four times the national average.
Fetal alcohol syndrome is 33 times higher than for whites and Indian babies are three times as likely as white babies to die of sudden infant death syndrome.
American Indians have 1.5 times the infant mortality rate as non-Hispanic whites.